Ophthalmology centers on the physiology and diseases of the eye, but there is a branch known as Oculoplasty that focuses on treating the areas around the eye. But what exactly is Oculoplasty? It is a subspecialty of ophthalmology that treats conditions that affect the eyes and its surrounding structures.
An oculoplastic surgeon undertakes advanced training in plastic surgery in order to address issues relating to the periorbital and facial issues. Surgical procedures are typically performed on structures such as the eyelids, orbit (bones behind the eyes), and lacrimal (tear ducts) system.
Oculoplastic procedures may be done for both cosmetic and functional purposes. Problems with the structures around the eyes can affect people of any age group. These conditions often appear in childhood and need to be remedied speedily, so that they do not hinder visual development. In addition, the elderly can be affected by weakness of the muscles of the face and eyes. This often requires surgery, as it can cause the lids to droop, and interfere with normal function.
Here are some of the more common oculoplastic procedures:
- Blepharoplasty (Eyelid lift): This is done to correct droopy eyelids. Surgery may be performed on the upper eyelid or the lower eyelids, or both in some cases.
- Browlifts: Individuals that have droopy eyebrows can benefit from this procedure, as sagging eyebrows may sometimes obstruct vision.
- Thyroid Eye Disease or Graves’ Eye Disease: This is a condition in which the muscles and soft tissue in the eye socket become swollen. Corrective surgery is usually done to repair ptosis, retraction, as well as bulging of the eyes.
Oculoplasty also involves correcting problems such as excessive wateringof the eyes, and uncontrollable eye closure. If you are bothered by any of these conditions then contact the Center of Ophthalmology and Laser surgery for more information.